Traditional Dresses of Assam Biography
Assam, an important northeastern state is famous for its tribes & sub tribes, silk handlooms, evergreen tea gardens, endless stretches of paddy fields, scattered with groves of coconut, banana and areca nuts trees. Today, Assam is one of the developed states of India which has retained its rich culture and tradition, be it in food, clothing, religion and more.
The traditional dress of the Assamese women is known as “Mekhala and Chadar”. Mekhela is the long skirt which is worn with an upper apparel, known as “Riha”. The bottom of the Riha is artistically decked with intricate red colored designs. This gives a graceful appeal to the complete apparel. During Bihu, the grand festival of Assam, the women dress themselves in traditional outfits made up of Muga silk also known as Golden Silk. The traditional outfit for Assamese men is white “dhoti”, shirt known as “Sola” or “Fotua” with a shawl known as “Eri-Chaddar”. While working in the agricultural fields they wear a hat known as “Japi”.
The traditional dress of the Assamese women is known as “Mekhala and Chadar”. Mekhla is the skirt and Chadar the upper wrap. Assamese women, irrespective of their differences in tribes and clan, wear variations of this dress. This gives a graceful appeal to the complete apparel. The men of Assam dress themselves in Dhoti (a loin cloth) and Chadar, made from Endi (a material made from a blend of silk and cotton).
The Assamese wear bare foot. The Assamese ladies enter the kitchen bare foot.
The Assamese young boys use on occasion`s headgears with their gomacha, which they tie to their hip, especially when they are dancing in Bihu to cover the waist with the dhuti.
Some young men use Khaddar clothes. AssamAssamese women use riha-mekhela-Sadar.
The long flowing skirt up to the ankles is known as mekhela and the upper garment riha. The red coloured pattern at the end of the riha is graceful and symbolic.